paraquat

Synonyms: "1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium", "dimethyl viologen", "starfire", "weedol", "spraytop-graze", "dextrone X"

Source: paraquat is one of the most widely used herbicides in the world.

Identifiers:

IUPAC Name: 1-methyl-4-(1-methylpyridin-1-ium-4-yl)pyridin-1-ium
CAS Number: 4685-14-7
PubChem ID: 15939
InChiKey: INFDPOAKFNIJBF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Canonical SMILES: C[N+]1=CC=C(C=C1)C2=CC=[N+](C=C2)C

Structural Properties:

Molecular Formula: C12H14N2
Molecular Weight: 186,253

Pharmacophore Features:

Number of bond donors: 0
Number of bond acceptors: 0
Number of atoms different from hydrogen: 14

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Toxicological Information

ACToR (Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource)

HSDB (Hazardous Substances Data Bank)

CCRIS (Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System)

GENE-TOX

CTD (Comparative Toxicogenomics Database)

Evidence Supporting This Chemical as an Endocrine Disruptor
TEDX List of Potential Endocrine Disruptors


Edmonds BK, Edwards GL. 1996. The area postrema is involved in paraquat-induced conditioned aversion behavior and neuroendocrine activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Brain Res 712(1):127-133.
FitzGerald GR, Barniville G, FitzPatrick P, Edwards A, Silke B, Carmody M, O'Dwyer WF. 1977. Adrenal abnormalities in paraquat poisoning: An indication for corticosteroid therapy. Ir J Med Sci 146(12):421-423.

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